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Ten basic lawn care tips for entire world

How to create a beautiful, short and thick turf out of an ordinary lawn? The journey does not have to be too long or complicated. All it takes is to stick to the 10 basic rules that have been followed by lawn keeping experts.
  1. Use the best lawn seed with high share of fescue
  2. Mow regularly – ideally twice a week, trim the grass by no more than 1/3 of its original length
  3. Make sure to have a sharp mower – ideally a reel mower on rollers
  4. Collect the grass, do not mulch
  5. Fertilise regularly, according to season and instructions on package
  6. If you can, use irrigation – ideally every other day before sunrise
  7. Cut through the grass (verticut) at least 3 times a year
  8. Pierce through compacted places to help the water get to the roots
  9. Limit the use of chemicals on the lawn
  10. Enjoy your lawn, and make a good use of it


  1. Everything should begin with the right seed mix. It is clear that you will achieve lawn density faster if you use a fescue mix (for golf fairways or greens) than if you opt for a meadow grass seed or a cheap 10-kilogram seed mix from a DIY market. Yes, you can transform a wild meadow into a representative lawn, but it will take a lot of time, energy and money.

Fescue is a drought-tolerant plant, which means that it prospers even without proper irrigation. It regenerates well even after longer drought periods. It tolerates short trimming well and has a very fine structure; it is therefore used on golf courses and English-style lawns.

Grass seed

  1. Regular mowing twice a week is a sufficient signal for the grass to stop growing tall and start growing to the sides instead. This helps the lawn densify quickly. Mowing three times a week is not a problem, the grass will thicken even more quickly. Mowing once in 5 to 7 days, however, is borderline inconvenient, because this frequency lets the lawn improve only very slowly or not at all.

    Make sure to trim only 1/3 of the original length of the grass blades. Set up the mowing height to only cut off the 1/3 in order not to put the grass under stress and ensure its best appearance and health.

Cutting grass only 1/3

  1. A dull mower is a disaster for every lawn. The cut itself determined the damage of the grass. We simply want to trim the lawn, to shorten it, not to massacre it. You will not cut a slice of bread with a dull knife either. Therefore, check the blade regularly and sharpen it.

    A reel mower cuts the grass just like scissors would. It is the gentlest possible way of trimming grass blades.

Cylinder lawn mower Edwin

  1. It is proven that collecting the cut grass not only improves the final look of the lawn, but also reduces the risk of mould and other diseases. And you will not get your porch or house floors dirty by bringing grass home on your shoes. Forget about mulching lawn mowers.

Collect the grass

  1. No organism can grow properly without nutrients. Grass fertilisers are made to get your lawn everything it needs, with the right dosage. Every fertiliser can be dosed differently, so stick to recommendations on each package. Fertilising in autumn is different than that in the peak of the season.

Grass fertilisers

  1. If you overseed your lawn with the right seed mix and do not irrigate it enough, the drought-tolerant grass types will prevail. This is a natural selection that works perfectly in nature.

    If you wish for a lush green lawn throughout the entire season, you will not be able to do it without irrigation. Try to emulate conditions similar to an actual rain. That means less intense, but long enough watering to make sure that the soil is soaked through and the roots can have access to water for a few more days.


  1. The thicker the lawn is, the more often it needs verticutting. A good quality verticutter will not harm the lawn, just improve its conditions. A correctly done verticutting will create ridges in the grass without damaging it; it simply cuts through the thatch.


  1. Sometimes, the lawn is too compacted. This prevents water, light, air and nutrients from getting to the roots. If the roots are not supplied well, the lawn cannot be green and dense. All you need to do is to pierce the compacted spots with a pitchfork, eventually to gently lift each piece of turf and aerate it that way. It is ideal to treat your lawn thoroughly with an aerator once every one to two years and sand it well.


  1. Chemicals do not belong onto a healthy lawn. They tend to remain in the soil and disrupt optimal conditions, which can lead to a collapse of the plants. It is usually quite expensive to reverse this process and sometimes there is no other way than to start over. Nowadays, it is also possible to take care of your lawn the natural way again. Therefore, use biological fertilisers.

Lawn without chemicals

  1. You don’t have a lawn just to look at it; it is best to enjoy it! Walk barefoot on it, play with kids and pets, enjoy picnics and grill parties, play football, crocket, badminton, have water fights, catch some sun, swing in a hammock… Your lawn is not a forbidden territory, it is an area for living, so let’s live on it and enjoy it.

Rest in the grass

Tomas Sena, lawn enthusiast and founder of Swardman

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